Dogs and cats, often put things in their mouths to carry around or just play with. Sometimes, these items end up getting swallowed. And it gets stuck inside your pet and surgery will be needed to get it out. That’s where we come in to get the foreign body out of your pet as safely as possible. All parts of the GI tract from the stomach through to the large intestines will be examined to be sure all foreign material is found and removed.
When we explore the abdomen, we look for unknown causes of your pet’s illness and attempt to fix it if we find something that is operable. An exploratory surgery is usually indicated when all other less invasive means of diagnosis have been exhausted. Many times we offer this surgery as a tool for diagnosis.
A hernia is caused by trapping of tissue between torn muscle and skin causing a pouch. They are most commonly located at the umbilicus (belly button area), inguinal area, perineal (next to the rectum), or in the diaphragm (the muscle between the chest and the abdomen) although they can occur anywhere there is muscle. They can be congenital (born with it) or traumatic (caused by trauma). All hernias are repaired by replacing the tissue back where it belongs and closing the hole in the muscle.
The anal sacs are intimately associated with the external anal sphincter. Removal of the anal sacs is a frequently performed surgery in dogs. It is most often indicated for definitive treatment of chronic anal sacculitis.
Animals have a third eye lid and it contains a gland that produces tears to keep the eye moist. When this gland becomes inflamed, it swells and has the appearance of a cherry sitting in the corner of the eye. To remove a cherry eye, we remove a portion of the gland so that enough gland is preserved to still make tears but not enough to swell outside of the pocket it normally resides in. It is extremely rare for dry eye to occur after a cherry eye repair.
Entropion is when the eyelids roll in leading the lashes to rub on the eyeball. This can cause minor irritation up to severe corneal ulcerations. A minor nip-tuck of the eyelid will allow the lid to unroll and relieve the irritation to the eye. This is simply the conjunctiva around your pet’s eye. The fee for correction is per lid, not per eye. One to four lids can be affected. The fee for correction is per lid, not per eye.
Enucleation is removal of the eye ball. There are many reasons that the eye ball needs removal. Trauma, glaucoma, and cancer are the 3 most common reasons. When the eye is removed, the lids are closed and sealed. Hair will regrow over the area and the skin will usually lie flat. Pets compensate well with only one eye.
Pyometra is a life threatening infection of the uterus. If left untreated, the uterus can rupture and your pet will die. Early spaying is recommended to prevent this life threatening condition. Pyometra most commonly occurs in an unspayed pet within a few weeks of your pet being in heat.
A cystotomy is the medical term for opening the urinary bladder to remove either stones or a growth. Urinary bladder stones in dogs and cats are commonly caused by chronic low grade urinary tract infections and/or the way your pet metabolizes the mineral contents of its food and water. Bladder stones in dogs or cats are detected most commonly by x-ray, but can also be found with ultrasound.
A PU is the medical term, in cats, for removing the penis to make a larger opening for your cat to be able to urinate through to help decrease the chance of repeat urinary blockages. In dogs, the penis is not removed but the urine is rerouted to empty through a different and larger opening.
Excessive skin folds around the vagina can lead to chronic skin irritation and urinary tract infections. Removing this excess skin through surgery allows air to circulate and keeps debris from getting trapped between skin folds. This makes for a much happier and more comfortable pet.